Integrative medicine, sometimes called complementary medicine or alternative medicine, approaches pain management using a combination of conventional Western medical treatments and alternative treatments.

Suggested integrative treatments include acupuncture, manual manipulation, massage therapy, nutrition, and various forms of exercise, such as yoga. Conventional Western medical treatments (“Western medicine”) may include over-the-counter and prescription drugs, physical therapy, and surgeries.

Many alternative therapies are supported by clinical evidence. A few have insufficient or no clinical evidence, but might be considered as treatment options because they pose limited risks, few side effects, and overall health benefits at low or no cost.